File photo of Aryabhata, India's first indigenously built satellite.Mission typeOperator07752Mission durationPlanned: 6 monthsActive till: −5 years, 11 monthsSpacecraft propertiesLaunch mass360 kilograms (790 lb)Power46 wattsStart of missionLaunch date19 April 1975, 07:30 ( 1975-04-19UTC07:30Z) UTCRocketLaunch siteEnd of missionLast contactMarch 1981 ( 1981-04)Decay date10 February 1992Orbital parametersReference systemRegime563 kilometres (350 mi)619 kilometres (385 mi)50.7 degrees96.46 minutes19 May 1975Aryabhata was 's first, named after. It was launched on 19 April 1975 from, a rocket launch and development site in using a launch vehicle. It was built by the.
Contents.Launch It was launched by India on 19 April 1975 from, a rocket launch and development site in using a launch vehicle. It was built by the Indian Space Research Organisation.The launch came from an agreement between India and the Soviet Union directed by and signed in 1972. It allowed the USSR to use Indian ports for tracking ships and launching vessels in return for launching Indian satellites.On 19 April 1975, the satellite's 96.46-minute orbit had an of 619 kilometres (385 mi) and a perigee of 563 kilometres (350 mi), at an inclination of 50.7 degrees. It was built to conduct experiments in X-ray astronomy, aeronomics, and solar physics. The spacecraft was a 26-sided polyhedron 1.4 metres (4.6 ft) in diameter. All faces (except the top and bottom) were covered with solar cells.
A power failure halted experiments after four days and 60 orbits with all signals from the spacecraft lost after five days of the operation. Spacecraft mainframe remained active till March 1981. Due to orbital decay the satellite entered Earth's atmosphere on 11 February 1992.
Legacy. It was named after the 5th century astronomer and mathematician from India by the. The satellite's image appeared on the reverse of Indian two banknotes between 1976 and 1997. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
^ 'Aryabhata' in. Chicago:, 15th edn., 1992, Vol. 611.
McDowell, Jonathan. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 22 January 2014. ^. Retrieved 31 August 2019. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. Jonathan's Space Page.
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The Japanese and Indian space programmes: two roads into space. London u.a.: Springer u.a. p. 133. Harvey, Brian (2000).
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Aryabhatta Satellite Image
The Japanese and Indian Space Programmes: Two Roads into Space. London: Springer. P. 134.External links.